Forum: PCB Design & Technology Ways to stack high voltage and low voltage PCBs

Author: Hanna Lee (Company: Tesco) (jayke)
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I am working on a project which involves micro-controller and switches 
(triacs and EM relays).(I found these pieces 

Due to size constraint, I need to stack one over the other. Here is 
unfinished relay and triac board which will go on top of 
micro-controller board of the same size:


PCB description: 220V to 5V offline switcher on the left. It has a 
switching frequency of 65 kHz. Two transistor driven electro-mechanical 
relays in between and 6 optically isolated triacs on the right. There 
are a few connectors for optional sensors.

I have given 4 holes in corners so that I can use spacers and nut bolts 
to put the two PCBs together. Electrical connection between the two will 
be made using either a cable or header pins (yet to be decided).

As such what should be the minimum distance between the two PCBs so that 
high voltage or whatever noise is there in ac lines don't disturb the 
delicate electronics below?

Is there something which I should use in between to provide added safety 
to my micro-controller board?

I was thinking of some plastic sheet the same size of PCB or two plastic 
sheets with a thin metal foil sandwiched between them but I am not sure 
whether they will have any impact or not.

Any suggestions regarding this will be much appreciated.


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