This is the first time i am exposed to VHDL , and i am currently no idea on doing my project, hopefully any expert here can help me and guide me on doing this ,thanks in advanced. Objectives: · Designing, Modeling and Simulation of Traffic Light Controller using VHDL. · Verification of the functionality using a VHDL test bench, using qu(at)rtus II from Altera. · Synthesizing the verified VHDL Model of Traffic Light Controller specifications using synthesis tool, qu(at)rtus Integrated System (QIS) from Altera for structural simulation. · Downloading the designed codes into FPGA board for verifying the algorithm (Traffic Light Controller) functionality. A. Design Specifications Traffic lights are integral part of modern life. Their proper operation can spell the difference between smooth flowing traffic and four-lane gridlock. Proper operation entails precise timing, cycling through the states correctly, and responding to outside inputs, like walk signals. The controller to be designed controls the traffic lights of a busy highway (HWY) intersecting a side road (SRD) that has relatively lighter traffic load. Figure 1 shows the location of the traffic lights. Sensors at the intersection detect the presence of cars on the highway and side road. The Figure implies that both the highway and side roads offer single lanes for traffic in each direction. Both roads have ordinary (Red, Yellow, Green) signal lights. The intersection is fitted with a sensor. B. Finite-state machine specifications The traffic light controller works in the following way. 1. The lights controller makes use of car sensors at the intersection of the side road with the highway, to sense presence of cars. 2. The lights controller makes use of three timers: a 60 seconds timer (T60), a 30 seconds timer (T30), and a 10 seconds timer (T10). Once a trigger signal is applied to a timer, the timer output is zero and becomes 1 after the programmed time period. For example, upon reset, the T30 timer output is '0' and will become '1' after 30 s have elapsed and stays '1' until reset by the controller. 3. Pedestrians can use the intersection by pressing buttons and debouncing switches. Pedestrians will need to cross the highway only since crossing the side road is assured most of the time. 4. HWY lights remain green as long as there are no cars triggering the SRD sensors. 5. When HWY lights have been green for a minimum of 60 seconds, a car on SRD may cause HWY lights to cycle through yellow to red states. 6. Meanwhile, SRD lights will turn green and remain green for a minimum of 30 seconds. Further application of SRD sensors beyond the 30 seconds will enable SRD to remain green for a maximum of 60 seconds. 7. SRD lights will cycle through yellow and red states and HWY lights will then turn green. 8. The lights stay yellow for 10 seconds. 9. Each traffic post has three lights GREEN, YELLOW and RED. 10. In the default state, HWY lights show GREEN and SRD lights show RED. C. Traffic light FSM Interface signals The FSM to the traffic lights controller has the input signals shown in Table 1. The controller has the output signals shown in Table 2. D. Requirements In this project, you are required to design, model and simulate the Finite-state machine for the traffic light controller. 1. Draw the traffic-light controller as an icon indicating the I/O control signals. 2. Draw a block diagram for the traffic lights controller indicating clearly the main system blocks and interface signals. 3. Draw a Mealy-style state diagram, which covers all legal state transitions of the machine. 4. Use a two- or three-process FSM VHDL coding style. Make sure you have adequate and clear comments in your code. 5. Provide a table indicating all the input and output signals of the traffic lights controller and the traffic lights FSM. E. Simulations The VHDL code of traffic light controller will be simulated using qu(at)rtus II software from Altera. Different corner cases were tested by writing a test bench. The sub modules like the counter, register and multiplexer were written separately and also tested separately by test benches. Behavioural Simulation of modules will be represented in Timing waveform. F. Synthesis The verified VHDL modules then will be synthesized using synthesis tool, QIS from Altera. Structural simulations will be carried out in QIS and will be compared with behavioural simulations using the same test bench. You will present the Register Transfer Level (RTL) and Technology views of a Traffic Light Controller. G. Downloaded into FPGA demo Board: Finally, you will download your designed codes into the target technology, Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) to verify the Traffic Light Controller function with higher operating frequency. Noted that you will use FPGA board (Version: APEX20KE) Figure 1, Table 1 and Table 2 in the attachment below
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> This is the first time i am exposed to VHDL I can't believe that your teacher gives you this exercise without any previous information about VHDL. If so, you will have a demanding task in front of you... So why not taking a book about VHDL and starting with the definition of a entity? All the input and output signals are given. Next step will be to implement the timers. After that the handling of the traffic light states will be implemented. And finally the triggering from the sensors and buttons can be accomplished. Most important: Divide the task in small steps.
simply to start designing and coding your design you need to draw a finite state machine fsm then the code is just just like any code in fsm. start by knowing the fsm which should be done by your doctor or supervisor. note that if you use the a hdl compiler you can genetate the code just by drawing the fsm using the compiler.