# Forum: PCB Design & Technology lenght of a 2,4GHz trace

 Author: orange (Guest) Posted on: 2015-01-26 17:19

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Hi!

I would like to build a connection between a integrated bluetoothchip
and a chip antenna. I have calculated the thickness of the trace to get
the right impedance. But what about the lenght of the trace? In my mind
I have the lambda/4 trafo where the lenght is important..

 Author: Gavin Lee (Company: NOD Electronics) (gavin) Posted on: 2015-03-06 13:58

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The length of trace is very important for bluetoothchip
and antenna integration. I ever managed a project for company
(wwww.nod-pcba.com). You can find technical support document on that
case section.

: Edited by User
 Author: lrep (Guest) Posted on: 2015-03-07 02:14

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orange wrote:
> But what about the lenght of the trace?

It depends ...

Im many cases the length and the impedance of transmission line is used
to match the complex impedance of the antenna to the impedance of the
Although there are some electronic design programs to do this complex
work, it can as well be done manually with a graphic method called the
Smith-Chart.

But there are a few special cases which can make things easy if they
apply:

1. If the impedance of the antenna is real (e.g. 50 Ohm and VSWR approx
1.0) and if it also matches the impedance of the transmission line
(microstrip in many cases), then the length of the line does not matter.
Of course the longer the line is the higher the attenution will be.

2. If the length of the line is lambda/2 then the impedance at the input
and the output oft the T.L. are equal i.e. Zin=Zout.
Regardless of  the impedance of the T.L.
This means that you can either connect the antenna directly to the
transmitter or via al lambda/2 line with arbitrary impedance.

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