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Forum: ARM programming with GCC/GNU tools Problem with make all.


Author: Sevc Dominik (sevc)
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Hi all.
I'm again start to play with WinArm ( :-) ).
I download latest version of WinARM and istall.
From:
http://www.siwawi.arubi.uni-kl.de/avr_projects/arm...

I download AT91 USB Core + HID Code and try to compile but show :

Building startup.o ...
/usr/bin/sh: -c: line 2: syntax error: unexpected end of file
make.exe: *** [startup.o] Error 258

I can't find error .
what I set incorect??

regards.

Author: Sevc Dominik (sevc)
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Hi again.

On web page is solution rename sh.exe .
I understand why this help, but now all OK.

regards

Sevc Dominik wrote:
> Hi all.
> I'm again start to play with WinArm ( :-) ).
> I download latest version of WinARM and istall.
> From:
> 
http://www.siwawi.arubi.uni-kl.de/avr_projects/arm...
>
> I download AT91 USB Core + HID Code and try to compile but show :
>
> Building startup.o ...
> /usr/bin/sh: -c: line 2: syntax error: unexpected end of file
> make.exe: *** [startup.o] Error 258
>
> I can't find error .
> what I set incorect??
>
> regards.

Author: Ecc Exelty (exelty)
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Rename it to what? I am having trouble with this too. Is there a bug in
the makefile? mt? (eg on the USB HID code)

>Sevc Dominik wrote:
> Hi again.
>
> On web page is solution rename sh.exe .
> I understand why this help, but now all OK.
>
> regards
>
> Sevc Dominik wrote:

Author: Martin Thomas (Guest)
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Ben Exelty wrote:
> Rename it to what? I am having trouble with this too. Is there a bug in
> the makefile? mt? (eg on the USB HID code)
>
>>Sevc Dominik wrote:
>> Hi again.
>>
>> On web page is solution rename sh.exe .
>> I understand why this help, but now all OK.
>>
>> regards
>>
>> Sevc Dominik wrote:

This issue has been discussed in another thread. In short: There is not
a "real" bug in the makefile. It's more a problem of the make utility.
In the makefile there are just some commands which depend on the Windows
"shell". So the needed shell is cmd.exe (MS Windows) not sh.exe
("unix-shell"-compatible). If the mingw-make version (as in WinARM 6/06)
finds a sh.exe it uses it and seems to ignore the SHELL variable. sh.exe
can not handle some of the commands in the makefile. If sh.exe is not
found it falls back to the cmd.exe and everything works as expected.
That's why I suggest to rename sh.exe so make does not find it and uses
cmd.exe instead. This is just a workaround to get things going without
addtional downloads. Better solutions:
- use a make.exe based on the 3.81 sources
- rewrite the makefiles to avoid MS-Windows specific commands

I will modify the makefiles to be "sh.exe"-compatible as soon as I have
some time. So the code can be build with older version of make and on
non-MS-Windows-hosts without modifications. Contributions of modified
makefiles are very welcome.

Martin Thomas

Author: VRoters (Guest)
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Hi,

i have a problem with make all:

If i want to make it all :-) the following message comes:

"- f" is not syntactically processable here.

....WinARM\utils\bin\make.exe: *** [sizebefore] Error 255

Can anybody help me?

Thanks!

VRoters

Author: Martin Thomas (Guest)
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VRoters wrote:
> Hi,
>
> i have a problem with make all:
>
> If i want to make it all :-) the following message comes:
>
> "- f" is not syntactically processable here.
>
> ....WinARM\utils\bin\make.exe: *** [sizebefore] Error 255
>
> Can anybody help me?
>
> Thanks!
>
> VRoters

Not enough information. Give:
output of make --version
output of arm-elf-gcc --version
content of makefile
complete output of make all

Author: VRoters (Guest)
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Martin Thomas wrote:
> VRoters wrote:
>> Hi,
>>
>> i have a problem with make all:
>>
>> If i want to make it all :-) the following message comes:
>>
>> "- f" is not syntactically processable here.
>>
>> ....WinARM\utils\bin\make.exe: *** [sizebefore] Error 255
>>
>> Can anybody help me?
>>
>> Thanks!
>>
>> VRoters
>
> Not enough information. Give:
> output of make --version
> output of arm-elf-gcc --version
> content of makefile
> complete output of make all

Hi,

make --version:
GNU Make 3.80
Copyright (C) 2002  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.
There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

arm.elf-gcc --version:
arm-elf-gcc (GCC) 4.1.1 (WinARM)
Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.

Makefile:
# Hey Emacs, this is a -*- makefile -*-
#
# WinARM template makefile
# by Martin Thomas, Kaiserslautern, Germany
# <eversmith@heizung-thomas.de>
#
# based on the WinAVR makefile written by Eric B. Weddington, Jörg
Wunsch, et al.
# Released to the Public Domain
# Please read the make user manual!
#
#
# On command line:
#
# make all = Make software.
#
# make clean = Clean out built project files.
#
# make program = Download the hex file to the device, using lpc21isp
#
# (TODO: make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler
code only)
#
# To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
#
# Changelog:
# - 17. Feb. 2005  - added thumb-interwork support (mth)
# - 28. Apr. 2005  - added C++ support (mth)
# - 29. Arp. 2005  - changed handling for lst-Filename (mth)
#

# MCU name and submodel
MCU = arm7tdmi
SUBMDL = AT91SAM7S64
#THUMB    = -mthumb
#THUMB_IW = -mthumb-interwork


## Create ROM-Image (final)
RUN_MODE=ROM_RUN
## Create RAM-Image (debugging)
#RUN_MODE=RAM_RUN


# Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
FORMAT = ihex


# Target file name (without extension).
TARGET = main


# List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically
generated.)
# use file-extension c for "c-only"-files
SRC =
#SRC =

# List C source files here which must be compiled in ARM-Mode.
# use file-extension c for "c-only"-files
SRCARM = $(TARGET).c Cstartup_SAM7.c

# List C++ source files here.
# use file-extension cpp for C++-files (use extension .cpp)
CPPSRC =

# List C++ source files here which must be compiled in ARM-Mode.
# use file-extension cpp for C++-files (use extension .cpp)
#CPPSRCARM = $(TARGET).cpp
CPPSRCARM =

# List Assembler source files here.
# Make them always end in a capital .S.  Files ending in a lowercase .s
# will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
# output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
# Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
# it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and gcc itself does
# care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
ASRC =

# List Assembler source files here which must be assembled in ARM-Mode..
ASRCARM = Cstartup.S

# Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s].
# 0 = turn off optimization. s = optimize for size.
# (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc FAQ.)
OPT = s
#OPT = 0

# Debugging format.
# Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are stabs [default], or dwarf-2.
# AVR (extended) COFF requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy run.
DEBUG = stabs
#DEBUG = dwarf-2

# List any extra directories to look for include files here.
#     Each directory must be seperated by a space.
#EXTRAINCDIRS = ./include
EXTRAINCDIRS =

# Compiler flag to set the C Standard level.
# c89   - "ANSI" C
# gnu89 - c89 plus GCC extensions
# c99   - ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented)
# gnu99 - c99 plus GCC extensions
CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99

# Place -D or -U options for C here
CDEFS =  -D$(RUN_MODE)

# Place -I options here
CINCS =

# Place -D or -U options for ASM here
ADEFS =  -D$(RUN_MODE)


# Compiler flags.
#  -g*:          generate debugging information
#  -O*:          optimization level
#  -f...:        tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
#  -Wall...:     warning level
#  -Wa,...:      tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
#    -adhlns...: create assembler listing
#
# Flags for C and C++ (arm-elf-gcc/arm-elf-g++)
CFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
CFLAGS += $(CDEFS) $(CINCS)
CFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
CFLAGS += -Wall -Wcast-align -Wimplicit
CFLAGS += -Wpointer-arith -Wswitch
CFLAGS += -Wredundant-decls -Wreturn-type -Wshadow -Wunused
CFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(subst $(suffix $<),.lst,$<)
CFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
#AT91-lib warnings with:
##CFLAGS += -Wcast-qual


# flags only for C
CONLYFLAGS += -Wnested-externs
CONLYFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)
#AT91-lib warnings with:
##CONLYFLAGS += -Wmissing-prototypes
##CONLYFLAGS  = -Wstrict-prototypes
##CONLYFLAGS += -Wmissing-declarations



# flags only for C++ (arm-elf-g++)
# CPPFLAGS = -fno-rtti -fno-exceptions
CPPFLAGS =

# Assembler flags.
#  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
#  -ahlms:    create listing
#  -gstabs:   have the assembler create line number information; note
that
#             for use in COFF files, additional information about
filenames
#             and function names needs to be present in the assembler
source
#             files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described
there]
##ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs
ASFLAGS = $(ADEFS) -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-g$(DEBUG)

#Additional libraries.

#Support for newlibc-lpc (file: libnewlibc-lpc.a)
#NEWLIBLPC = -lnewlib-lpc

MATH_LIB = -lm

# CPLUSPLUS_LIB = -lstdc++

# Linker flags.
#  -Wl,...:     tell GCC to pass this to linker.
#    -Map:      create map file
#    --cref:    add cross reference to  map file
LDFLAGS = -nostartfiles -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
LDFLAGS += -lc
LDFLAGS += $(NEWLIBLPC) $(MATH_LIB)
LDFLAGS += -lc -lgcc
LDFLAGS += $(CPLUSPLUS_LIB)

# Set Linker-Script Depending On Selected Memory
ifeq ($(RUN_MODE),RAM_RUN)
LDFLAGS +=-T$(SUBMDL)-RAM.ld
else
LDFLAGS +=-T$(SUBMDL)-ROM.ld
endif



#
------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
---
# Flash-Programming support using lpc21isp by Martin Maurer

# Settings and variables:
#LPC21ISP = lpc21isp
LPC21ISP = lpc21isp_beta
LPC21ISP_PORT = com1
LPC21ISP_BAUD = 115200
LPC21ISP_XTAL = 14746
LPC21ISP_FLASHFILE = $(TARGET).hex
# verbose output:
## LPC21ISP_DEBUG = -debug
# enter bootloader via RS232 DTR/RTS (only if hardware supports this
# feature - see Philips AppNote):
LPC21ISP_CONTROL = -control


#
------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
---

# Define directories, if needed.
## DIRARM = c:/WinARM/
## DIRARMBIN = $(DIRAVR)/bin/
## DIRAVRUTILS = $(DIRAVR)/utils/bin/

# Define programs and commands.
SHELL = sh
CC = arm-elf-gcc
CPP = arm-elf-g++
OBJCOPY = arm-elf-objcopy
OBJDUMP = arm-elf-objdump
SIZE = arm-elf-size
NM = arm-elf-nm
REMOVE = rm -f
COPY = cp


# Define Messages
# English
MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
MSG_END = --------  end  --------
MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before:
MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
MSG_LINKING = Linking:
MSG_COMPILING = Compiling C:
MSG_COMPILING_ARM = "Compiling C (ARM-only):"
MSG_COMPILINGCPP = Compiling C++:
MSG_COMPILINGCPP_ARM = "Compiling C++ (ARM-only):"
MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
MSG_ASSEMBLING_ARM = "Assembling (ARM-only):"
MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:
MSG_LPC21_RESETREMINDER = You may have to bring the target in
bootloader-mode now.


# Define all object files.
COBJ      = $(SRC:.c=.o)
AOBJ      = $(ASRC:.S=.o)
COBJARM   = $(SRCARM:.c=.o)
AOBJARM   = $(ASRCARM:.S=.o)
CPPOBJ    = $(CPPSRC:.cpp=.o)
CPPOBJARM = $(CPPSRCARM:.cpp=.o)

# Define all listing files.
LST = $(ASRC:.S=.lst) $(ASRCARM:.S=.lst) $(SRC:.c=.lst)
$(SRCARM:.c=.lst)
LST += $(CPPSRC:.cpp=.lst) $(CPPSRCARM:.cpp=.lst)

# Compiler flags to generate dependency files.
### GENDEPFLAGS = -Wp,-M,-MP,-MT,$(*F).o,-MF,.dep/$(@F).d
GENDEPFLAGS = -MD -MP -MF .dep/$(@F).d

# Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
# Add target processor to flags.
ALL_CFLAGS = -mcpu=$(MCU) $(THUMB_IW) -I. $(CFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
ALL_ASFLAGS = -mcpu=$(MCU) $(THUMB_IW) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp
$(ASFLAGS)


# Default target.
#all: begin gccversion sizebefore build sizeafter finished end
all: begin gccversion build sizeafter finished end

build: elf hex lss sym

elf: $(TARGET).elf
hex: $(TARGET).hex
lss: $(TARGET).lss
sym: $(TARGET).sym

# Eye candy.
begin:
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_BEGIN)

finished:
  @echo $(MSG_ERRORS_NONE)

end:
  @echo $(MSG_END)
  @echo


# Display size of file.
HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) -A $(TARGET).elf
sizebefore:
  @if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE);
$(ELFSIZE); echo; fi

sizeafter:
  @if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER);
$(ELFSIZE); echo; fi


# Display compiler version information.
gccversion :
  @$(CC) --version


# Program the device.
program: $(TARGET).hex
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_LPC21_RESETREMINDER)
  $(LPC21ISP) $(LPC21ISP_CONTROL) $(LPC21ISP_DEBUG)
$(LPC21ISP_FLASHFILE) $(LPC21ISP_PORT) $(LPC21ISP_BAUD) $(LPC21ISP_XTAL)


# Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
# TODO: handling the .eeprom-section should be redundant
%.hex: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
  $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) $< $@


# Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
# testing: option -C
%.lss: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@
  $(OBJDUMP) -h -S -C $< > $@


# Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
%.sym: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
  $(NM) -n $< > $@


# Link: create ELF output file from object files.
.SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
.PRECIOUS : $(AOBJARM) $(AOBJ) $(COBJARM) $(COBJ) $(CPPOBJ) $(CPPOBJARM)
%.elf:  $(AOBJARM) $(AOBJ) $(COBJARM) $(COBJ) $(CPPOBJ) $(CPPOBJARM)
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
  $(CC) $(THUMB) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(AOBJARM) $(AOBJ) $(COBJARM) $(COBJ)
$(CPPOBJ) $(CPPOBJARM) --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)
#  $(CPP) $(THUMB) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(AOBJARM) $(AOBJ) $(COBJARM) $(COBJ)
$(CPPOBJ) $(CPPOBJARM) --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)

# Compile: create object files from C source files. ARM/Thumb
$(COBJ) : %.o : %.c
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
  $(CC) -c $(THUMB) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(CONLYFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Compile: create object files from C source files. ARM-only
$(COBJARM) : %.o : %.c
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_COMPILING_ARM) $<
  $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(CONLYFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Compile: create object files from C++ source files. ARM/Thumb
$(CPPOBJ) : %.o : %.cpp
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_COMPILINGCPP) $<
  $(CPP) -c $(THUMB) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Compile: create object files from C++ source files. ARM-only
$(CPPOBJARM) : %.o : %.cpp
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_COMPILINGCPP_ARM) $<
  $(CPP) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Compile: create assembler files from C source files. ARM/Thumb
## does not work - TODO - hints welcome
##$(COBJ) : %.s : %.c
##  $(CC) $(THUMB) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Assemble: create object files from assembler source files. ARM/Thumb
$(AOBJ) : %.o : %.S
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
  $(CC) -c $(THUMB) $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Assemble: create object files from assembler source files. ARM-only
$(AOBJARM) : %.o : %.S
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING_ARM) $<
  $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Target: clean project.
clean: begin clean_list finished end


clean_list :
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).a90
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lnk
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
  $(REMOVE) $(COBJ)
  $(REMOVE) $(CPPOBJ)
  $(REMOVE) $(AOBJ)
  $(REMOVE) $(COBJARM)
  $(REMOVE) $(CPPOBJARM)
  $(REMOVE) $(AOBJARM)
  $(REMOVE) $(LST)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRCARM:.c=.s)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRCARM:.c=.d)
  $(REMOVE) $(CPPSRC:.cpp=.s)
  $(REMOVE) $(CPPSRC:.cpp=.d)
  $(REMOVE) $(CPPSRCARM:.cpp=.s)
  $(REMOVE) $(CPPSRCARM:.cpp=.d)
  $(REMOVE) .dep/*


# Include the dependency files.
-include $(shell mkdir .dep 2>/dev/null) $(wildcard .dep/*)


# Listing of phony targets.
.PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion \
build elf hex lss sym clean clean_list program

output make all:
> "E:\TestUmgebung\Tools\ARM\WinARM\utils\bin\make.exe" all
Das System kann den angegebenen Pfad nicht finden.
ECHO ist ausgeschaltet (OFF).
-------- begin --------
arm-elf-gcc (GCC) 4.1.1 (WinARM)
Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.

"-f" ist syntaktisch an dieser Stelle nicht verarbeitbar.
E:\TestUmgebung\Tools\ARM\WinARM\utils\bin\make.exe: *** [sizeafter]
Error 255

> Process Exit Code: 2
> Time Taken: 00:01

I hope this helps.

This error message comes with all makefiles of the examples.

Author: Ecc Exelty (exelty)
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what project does this makefile go with??

try:
@if [ -f$(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE);

Author: Martin Thomas (Guest)
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>> "E:\TestUmgebung\Tools\ARM\WinARM\utils\bin\make.exe" all
> Das System kann den angegebenen Pfad nicht finden.
> ECHO ist ausgeschaltet (OFF).
> -------- begin --------
> arm-elf-gcc (GCC) 4.1.1 (WinARM)
> Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
> This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
> NO
> warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
> PURPOSE.
>
> "-f" ist syntaktisch an dieser Stelle nicht verarbeitbar.
> E:\TestUmgebung\Tools\ARM\WinARM\utils\bin\make.exe: *** [sizeafter]
> Error 255
>
>> Process Exit Code: 2
>> Time Taken: 00:01

Seems to be a problem with other tools in the path and make does not
"see" echo.exe and rm.exe from the WinARM/utils/bin-directory. For a
test make sure the entries for WinARM/bin and WinARM/utils/bin are the
first entries in the PATH. You can modify the makefile and remove
"empty" echos and replace rm -f with the corresponding del command
(maybe with /F and /Q Parameter).

Martin Thomas

Author: Simon Simon (feys)
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> "-f" ist syntaktisch an dieser Stelle nicht verarbeitbar.
> E:\TestUmgebung\Tools\ARM\WinARM\utils\bin\make.exe: *** [sizeafter]
> Error 255
>
>> Process Exit Code: 2
>> Time Taken: 00:01

(content of makefile)
# Define programs and commands.
SHELL = sh

"if u type "sh" in cmd.exe you will see that your command line will not
know this command."

all following commands in makefile will be proceeded in your commandline
and not in the linux shell...
thats why you get the message that "-f" syntax error (cause its windows
"if" and not linux "if")

install WinAVR (+add it to your path-variable)!

greetz

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